Wikipedia defines Religion as:
Religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.

Religion is associated with faith and blind following, whereas science is empirical and based on observation, objective evidence and reason. So how can faith-reason and the corresponding religion-science dichotomies be reconciled? This entangling question will be explored here— and hopefully with success.
Reason is the faculty of the individual mind, while faith is the common set of beliefs shared by the member of community. The capacity to reason is what makes us individual human beings, while the our common faith in binding moral principles enables us to create civil and cultural institutions around these common denominators Without reason the individual loses his identity and freedom of conscious and liberty to think and act on one’s ideas. Without faith, a society will disintegrate and collapse from within, losing the glue that binds people together with a common purpose and meaning to life.

Hence, both reason and faith are inseparable and are required to establish a thriving community, and together they serve the fundamental function of coordinating between the individual freedom to act on his own behalf and the group acting together to achieve common objectives.

However, what if reason and faith contradict one another and do not agree in their conclusions regarding the proper course of action? What if evidence, reality, and logic are opposite to the principles set by faith alone? Here lies the fundamental conflict that has baffled and perplexed thinkers and philosophers throughout the ages, as early as human civilization first emerged.

In religion, theology is the study of the nature of God. The fundamental branch of philosophy called metaphysics deals with the study of the nature of existence, the nature of the universe. Because, in religion, the conception of God stands for the order of existence, the nature of God is, in all practicality, the nature of the universe.

The essential, revolutionary concept introduced through the monotheistic worldview was objectivity: there are objective laws to nature, which man can discern and know through his reasoning mind. The biblical cosmology establishes that God, or the divine, is completely separate from the physical or temporal reality. By divorcing the supernatural and infinite from the objects of the material world, the Bible originates the concept of objectivity, which determines that each object has a definite identity by which it acts. This fundamental concept is at the heart of a rational and coherent worldview. The biblical God is the creator of order in the material world and, as the Story of Creation tells, he creates entities with a definite identity and nature, such the sky, sea, the plant and animal kingdom, and ultimately man.

The Hebrew Bible developed the only true complete and consistent philosophical system that creates a prosperous society, where reason and faith work in tandem to allow both for the individual to exercise his mind and society to work together in perfect harmony. This is the monotheistic revolution that centered on the unity of the transcendent God, setting a complete separation between the divine and the natural world, where only the evolving and progressing process of creation is attributed with a divine purpose.
Hence, the biblical cosmology is centered on objective reality—that which exists in nature and disavows any confusion between the natural world and the divine, condemning it as idolatry. The modern worldview was created during the seventeenth century, known as the Age of Reason or the Enlightenment, when English Puritans identified themselves completely with the God of the Hebrew Bible. They set out to purify Christianity of pagan mysticism and return to pure faith in the one true God, the cause of creation of all things. The Puritans, Francis Bacon, the founder of the empirical method, Isaac Newton, the father of modern science, and John Locke, the father of Classical Liberalism and the moral philosophy of individual rights, all grounded their rational worldview in the Hebrew Bible.

Because the Bible is focused on objective reality and denies the superstitious mysticism of the pagan worldview as idolatry, a society that shares a common faith in the philosophy of ethical monotheism is blessed with both the individual faculty to reason and discover the laws of nature and to conform to the facts of reality and empirical evidence. At the same time, a society sharing common ground in the monotheistic religion for creating the social and cultural institutions that promote the prosperity and pursuit of happiness of every of its individual members.